Read e-book online A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's PDF

By John F. Marszalek

ISBN-10: 0813030021

ISBN-13: 9780813030029

Born a slave in 1850s South Carolina and elected to Congress within the Eighteen Nineties, George W. Murray looked to be the antithesis of the African American male within the Jim Crow South and served as a beacon for African american citizens who observed their hopes overwhelmed within the aftermath of the Civil conflict. Early within the 20th century, in spite of the fact that, tragically defeated by way of corrupt Reconstruction politics and white supremacist attitudes he couldn't get away, Murray was once pushed from workplace and from the country. Drawing on broad learn to reconstruct Murray’s existence tale, Marszalek defines an age and its humans during the compelling conflict of 1 guy and exhibits how and why the nation’s efforts to reconstruct the South right into a biracial democracy failed.
            Murray’s profession, which spanned 1 / 4 of a century, incorporated phrases within the U.S. condo of Representatives and management of South Carolina’s Republican get together. He used to be an investor in addition to a landed house owner who offered tracts to bad blacks to ensure that them to qualify to vote. yet by means of the start of the 20th century, along with his social gathering in shambles, he discovered himself on trial for alleged forgery in a land care for of his black land buyers. Murray used to be discovered accountable, and the South Carolina preferrred courtroom upheld the decision. Sentenced to difficult exertions on a series gang, he escaped to Chicago the place he spent the remainder of his existence in obscurity.

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Extra resources for A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray

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Murray’s newly acquired leadership role meant little in the face of the White Conservatives’ increasingly successful electoral disfranchisement. Murray still had his land to farm, and he continued teaching. Between 1884 From Slavery to Public Life / 13 and 1889 when Grover Cleveland was president and Republicans were in political limbo in South Carolina, he taught at School District No. 8–Rafting Creek. He earned $150 in 1886, but this fell to $50 in 1888. His farm remained the major source of his income.

Rumors spread that the Republicans would soon be convening a convention to nominate a 26 / A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow full state ticket for the first time since Reconstruction. More significantly, blacks were flocking to registration sites all around the state. In Orangeburg, the largest number of blacks ever seen in the city during the summer months crowded in front of the registrar’s office. In Union, more than five hundred blacks registered, and many more were turned away. 14 The determined Republican efforts produced few results, however.

He issued a manifesto calling for a Democratic ticket in opposition to Ben Tillman, at the same time half-heartedly appealing to black voters, holding out as incentive the hackneyed Conservative promise of fairness. 25 A group of Conservatives had formally split the Democratic party and were calling for Republican support—without actually mentioning fusion. Race conditioned white Carolina’s response to Haskell’s candidacy. White solidarity had become such an ingrained part of the state’s mentality that even many anti-Tillmanites (such as Wade Hampton himself ) shied away from Haskell’s candidacy because they viewed it as a threat to continued white dominance.

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A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray by John F. Marszalek

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