Get A Climate of Injustice: Global Inequality, North-South PDF

By J. Timmons Roberts

ISBN-10: 0262182564

ISBN-13: 9780262182560

ISBN-10: 0262681617

ISBN-13: 9780262681612

ISBN-10: 1429457910

ISBN-13: 9781429457910

The worldwide debate over who should still take motion to deal with weather switch is intensely precarious, as diametrically antagonistic perceptions of weather justice threaten the clients for any long term contract. bad international locations worry limits on their efforts to develop economically and meet the desires in their personal humans, whereas strong commercial countries, together with the us, refuse to curtail their personal excesses until constructing international locations make comparable sacrifices. in the meantime, even if industrialized nations are answerable for 60 percentage of the greenhouse fuel emissions that give a contribution to weather switch, constructing international locations undergo the "worst and primary" results of climate-related failures, together with droughts, floods, and storms, due to their geographical destinations. In A weather of Injustice, J. Timmons Roberts and Bradley Parks study the position that inequality among wealthy and negative international locations performs within the negotiation of world weather agreements.Roberts and Parks argue that international inequality dampens cooperative efforts through reinforcing the "structuralist" worldviews and causal ideals of many negative international locations, eroding stipulations of generalized belief, and selling particularistic notions of "fair" options. They enhance new measures of climate-related inequality, reading fatality and homelessness charges from hydrometeorological mess ups, styles of "emissions inequality," and participation in overseas environmental regimes. till we realize that attaining a North-South worldwide weather pact calls for addressing higher problems with inequality and notable an international cut price on atmosphere and improvement, Roberts and Parks argue, the present coverage gridlock will stay unresolved.

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Extra resources for A Climate of Injustice: Global Inequality, North-South Politics, and Climate Policy (Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability and Institutional Innovation)

Sample text

Perhaps conditions of institutionalized suspicion lead to totally divergent and unstable expectations of future outcomes. Policy makers overcome with anger, resentment, suspicion, pride, envy, spite, and embarrassment, as well as those who come to the negotiating table with a victim mentality, may also be more concerned with self-protection or revenge than contributing to the collective good. These are all serious empirical questions without satisfactory answers. In this chapter, we introduce a new causal narrative about the role of global inequality in international environmental politics.

19 Waste flows downhill in the social structural sense, while benefits flow up. 20 The structuralist way of making sense of the world promotes generalized mistrust among rich and poor nations, which in turn suppresses conditions of diffuse reciprocity, and leads to divergent and unstable expectations going into future negotiating rounds. Structuralist ideas also can promote particularistic notions of fairness, a victim mentality, and zerosum, or even negative-sum, behavior. This confluence of forces has conspired to undermine North-South environmental cooperation and will likely affect the prospects for meaningful, long-term environmental cooperation far into the future.

In chapter 5, we examine who is causing the problem of climate change and how responsibility can be fairly measured and addressed. We investigate the four main ways that have been proposed for measuring responsibility for climate change and who is seen as most responsible. Each represents different positions on what is ‘‘just’’ held by different nations and different interest groups within nations. The stakes can be seen in the conflict between the approach taken in the Kyoto treaty, which took the politically expedient approach of granting rights to pollute based on 1990 levels of emissions, and the per capita approach proposed by poor nations, in which each person on Earth is given an equal share of emissions.

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A Climate of Injustice: Global Inequality, North-South Politics, and Climate Policy (Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability and Institutional Innovation) by J. Timmons Roberts


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