Philip Carr's A Glossary of Phonology (Glossaries in Linguistics) PDF

By Philip Carr

ISBN-10: 074862404X

ISBN-13: 9780748624041

This pocket-sized alphabetical advisor introduces the variety of phenomena studied in phonology and the most theoretical frameworks for conducting phonological research. The entries are a concise and transparent assessment of 1 of the most parts in linguistic research.

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Extra resources for A Glossary of Phonology (Glossaries in Linguistics)

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30 A GLOSSARY OF PHONOLOGY cognitive science The science of mental states and processes. Many believe that it is possible to gain scientific understanding of at least some aspects of the human mind. compensatory lengthening A process in which a segment undergoes elision and an adjacent segment lengthens. Very often, it is a coda consonant which is elided, and a preceding vowel is lengthened. In the history of French, vowel + /s/ + consonant sequences underwent elision of the /s/ and compensatory lengthening of the preceding vowel, as in the transition from Old French beste (‘beast’), pronounced [bεstə], to a later form with an elided /s/ and a lengthened /ε/: [bε:tə], reflected in the present-day spelling bête, where the circumflex historically marked the length of the vowel.

Since all resonators have natural frequencies at which they will resonate, these cavities will resonate some frequencies, but not others. These resonances are called formants. fortis see lenis. See also fortition and aspiration fortition The opposite of lenition. A process whereby a segment becomes ‘stronger’, or more consonantal, moving up the sonority hierarchy. In the historical change known as Grimm’s Law, the voiced stops of Proto-Indo-European (PIE) became voiceless stops, as in the case of the PIE root gews (‘choose’), which became kiusan in Gothic.

Contour segment A segment in which there are two distinct subparts, occurring in sequence. Affricates are often said to be contour segments, since they consist of a stop closure followed by a fricative release. Prenasalised stops are also often analysed as contour segments. Pre-aspirated stops in some languages may be analysed this way too. contrastive function see phoneme contrastive stress A term used to refer to the placement of tonics to highlight a contrast. The ‘neutral’ or unmarked tonic placement in the sentence John went to the pub would have the tonic on pub, since it is the last lexical item.

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A Glossary of Phonology (Glossaries in Linguistics) by Philip Carr

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