By Christine Ekholst
A Punishment for every felony is the 1st in-depth research of ways gender encouraged Swedish medieval legislation. Christine Ekholst demonstrates how the legislation codes progressively and inconsistently brought ladies as attainable perpetrators for all severe crimes. The legislation display that legislators not just anticipated women and men to dedicate kinds of crimes; additionally they punished women and men in several methods in the event that they have been convicted. The legislation always stipulated various equipment of executions for women and men; whereas males have been hanged or damaged at the wheel, ladies have been buried alive, stoned, or burned on the stake. A Punishment for every legal explores the heritage to the $64000 legislative adjustments that happened whilst girls have been made in my opinion chargeable for their very own crimes.
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Additional resources for A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law
If the rules were generally applicable, why would they then need to be followed by specific rules for women? ’88 The explanation for this is that many of the laws’ regulations are aimed at the household, not the individual. More specifically, they are implicitly aimed at the master of the household, the peasant. The laws centre on the idea of a specific hegemonic man, a man who was assumed to be a husband and the master of his household. He furthermore owned land and permanently resided in a village.
DL, Byggningabalken 40 §4. SdmL, Byggningabalken 2 §1, cp. 9 §2. MEL, Byggningabalken 8 §2–5. KrL, Byalagsbalken 9 §2–3. ÖgL, Byggningabalken 24 & §1–3. UL, Byalagsbalken 7, 29 & §1. HL, Byalagsbalken 24 & §1, cp. 6 & §1. SdmL, Byggningabalken 33 & §2. VmL, Byggningabalken 6, 28 & §3. DL, Byggningabalken 39, 48 & §2, 50. Bjärköarätten 31. MEL, Byggningabalken 33 & §1–6. MESt, Byggningabalken 16 & §1–2, 17 & §1, 18 & §1. KrL, Byggningabalken 10. ÄvgL, Rättlösabalken 9 §3. YVgL, Rättlösabalken 24.
SdmL, Byggningabalken 6 §3, 20 §2, 31, Tjuvabalken 13§1. VmL, Manhelgdsbalken 25 §8, 34, Byalagsbalken 6 §2. DL, Byggningabalken 36, 44§1, 45§1. Bjärköarätten 2, 3 §1. MESt, Byggningabalken 1, Tjuvabalken 13 & §1. MEL, Byggningabalken 9 §1, 22 §2, 29 & §1, 37, Tjuvabalken 12 & §1, 34. KrL, Byalagsbalken 10 §2, 38, 39 & §1, Tjuvabalken 13, 35 & §1. DL, Byggningabalken 44 §1. SdmL, Byggningabalken 19 §2. MEL, Byggningabalken 35 §3. ÄVgL, Tjuvabalken 14, 18. YVgL, Tjuvabalken 48, 53. ÖgL, Byggningabalken 37 & §1–2.
A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law by Christine Ekholst