Download PDF by Carlos Borrego, Ana Isabel Miranda: Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XIX (NATO Science

By Carlos Borrego, Ana Isabel Miranda

ISBN-10: 1402084528

ISBN-13: 9781402084522

This booklet on pollution modeling and air caliber matters covers neighborhood and concrete scale modeling; local and intercontinental modeling; aerosols within the surroundings; interactions among air caliber and weather switch; air caliber and human wellbeing and fitness; and more.

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Extra resources for Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XIX (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security)

Example text

The combined scenario involves the largest reductions in all cases (Figure 2). 6% at some points of the study areas. PM reductions are especially remarkable, indicating the on-road traffic origin of the largest part of the particulate matter concentrations that are registered in the urban areas. 5%. Again, the emission sources composition is an essential factor that affects the emissions abatement strategies effects. On one hand, MGA is characterized by a commercial and tertiary activity, meanwhile BGA presents a more important industrial component, which has a direct effect on the weight of traffic contribution to SO2 emissions and indirectly involves that a traffic-emissions abatement strategy could be more effective in reducing SO2 concentrations in Madrid than in Barcelona.

Et al. (2003). , 1997). In addition of MM5 output data, EMIMO model produces for the specific required spatial resolution, hourly emission data for different inorganic pollutants such as particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and total volatile organic compounds VOCs. The VOCs are splitted according to SMOKE (Sparse Matrix Operator Kernel Emissions) Williams et al. (2001) and Coats (1995). The CFD and mesoscale models solve the Navier-Stokes equations by using different numerical techniques to obtain fluxes and concentrations at different scales.

The EMEP-CORINAIR/EEA methodology was used in order to obtain the speed dependant emissions factors for each of them. The emission factors for NGV were obtained applying the emission reduction factors provided by the European NGV Association (Table 1) to the diesel Euro III emission factors. Table 1 Emission correction factors for the natural gas vehicles categories provided by the European Natural Gas Vehicles Association (ENGVA). 5 concentrations were calculated for each scenario over the Barcelona and Madrid Greater Areas.

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Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XIX (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security) by Carlos Borrego, Ana Isabel Miranda

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